Like a lot of parents, I’m super busy and don’t have time to trawl the Internet researching a topic, let alone understanding it in my sleep deprived brain fug. So I’ve done the work for you, condensing topics down to the essentials you need to know plus more detail if you need it.
Submitting your Self Assessment (part two)
What You Need to Know
- A tax year runs from 6th April to 5th April in the following year
- Your self-assessment tax return must be completed online by the 31st Jan following the end of the tax year
- If your turnover from self-employment is less than £1,000, you must decide whether to declare your income and expenses
In More Detail
In part one of our guide, you will have tailored your return to show the relevant sections for you. This could include employment, employment plus self employment, or self employment.
Here’s what you will need to complete your return, in the order that you will need it:
The key documents that you will need to complete this section are your latest P60 or P45, which show your income figures plus your P11D which covers employment benefits amounts (if you get a company car for example)
The figures that you will need are:
- Employer PAYE code (from your payslip, P60 or P45)
- Total pay before tax was taken off
- Amount of tax taken off
- Amount of taxable benefits (mileage amount above or below allowance) from P11D
- Allowable expenses – professional fees / mileage etc if not already paid by the company
When you start to complete this section, you will be given a list of tick boxes. If your total turnover was less than £1,000 but you still wish to complete this section, you must tick one of the following two statements:
- My total turnover is £1,000 or less from all self-employments but I wish to voluntarily pay Class 2 NICs
- My total turnover is less than £1,000 and I have made a loss.
You will then go on to complete the following
- Business name and address
- The start date or end date of your business (if it was not operating fully within the tax year)
- Date your accounts are made up to (the easiest option here is to go with the 5th April)
- Whether you want to use the Cash Basis (*) – do not use the cash basis if you need to claim capital allowances for a car, or need to offset trading losses against previous years
- Turnover – the total value of sales during the tax year
- Total Allowable Expenses – this is the total for day-to-day expenses
- Annual Investment Allowance (also known as Capital Allowances, the limit for this is £200,000 for the tax year)
You will then be asked whether you want to offset any losses for this year, against previous years. If the answer to this is yes, please seek professional advice so that it can be allocated correctly.
Your Profit or Loss figure will be calculated for you.
Class 2 NI – If your profits are less than £6,025 you do not have to pay but if you want to pay voluntarily you can click this box.
UK Interest – any interest that you received on your bank accounts, split between amounts which have already been taxed and those that haven’t. Do not include interest on ISA accounts as this is tax free.
Dividends – the total amount of dividends that you received in the tax year (based on actual date received)
There are also further sections on UK Pensions annuities and other state benefits, Underpaid tax and other debts, Overpaid tax, Not paid enough tax, Adjustments to tax due and Any other information, but these will not be applicable to everyone.
You can login and file your return using this link on the HMRC website.
The Cash Basis is where you total up your income and expenses based on whether you have actually received or paid out the money. This means that you are not impacted if you have income due to you at the end of the tax year but have not received the cash in yet, as you would defer that income until the following tax year’s calculation. Info on the cash basis can be found on these links.